ExamGuides, CCNA Exam Cram Notes: Routed and Routing Protocol

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In networking, routing is the process of directing data packets from one network to another network through a series of interconnected devices, such as routers, switches, and gateways. A routing protocol is a set of rules and algorithms used by these devices to determine the best path for sending data packets from the source to the destination network.

In CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate), a routed protocol is a network protocol that is used by routers to forward data packets between different networks. Examples of routed protocols include Internet Protocol (IP), Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX), and AppleTalk.

On the other hand, a routing protocol is used by routers to exchange information about network topology and determine the best path for forwarding data packets. Examples of routing protocols include Routing Information Protocol (RIP), Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), and Border Gateway Protocol (BGP).

CCNA covers various routing protocols and their configurations, including static routing, default routing, and dynamic routing protocols. Understanding routing and routing protocols is essential for designing and managing complex networks, as it helps to optimize network performance, improve network security, and ensure efficient data transmission.

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